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发表于 2006-11-22 19:39:57 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
哪位高手告诉我英国历史上从威廉一世到亨利八世之间的君主继承人及其关系啊
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发表于 2006-11-23 04:53:46 | 显示全部楼层
Monarch Birth Marriages Death
Alfred the Great
23 October
871 – 899  c.849
Wantage
son of Ethelwulf of Wessex and Osburga Ealhswith
Winchester
868
6 children 26 October 899
aged about 50
Edward the Elder
26 October
899 – 924  c.877
son of Alfred the Great and Ealhswith (1) Ecgwynn
893
2 children

(2) Aelffaed
899
8 children

(3) Edgiva of Kent
919
4 children 17 July 924
Farndon, Cheshire
aged about 47
Athelstan
2 August
924 – 939  895
Wessex
son of Edward the Elder and Ecgwynn unmarried 27 October 939
aged about 44
Edmund the Elder
27 October
939 – 946  921
Wessex
son of Edward the Elder and Edgiva of Kent Elgiva 26 May 946
Pucklechurch
aged about 25 (murdered)
Edred
26 May
946 – 955  c.923
son of Edward the Elder and Edgiva of Kent unknown 23 November 955
Frome
aged about 32
Edwy the Fair
23 November
955 – 959  c.941
son of Edmund the Elder and Elgiva Elgiva 1 October 959
aged about 18
Edgar the Peaceable
1 October
959 – 975  c.942
Wessex
son of Edmund the Elder and Elgiva (1) Ethelflaed

(2) Elfrida 8 July 975
Winchester
aged about 33
St. Edward the Martyr
8 July
975 – 978  c.962
Wessex
son of Edgar the Peaceable and Ethelflaed unmarried 18 March 978
Corfe Castle
aged about 16 (murdered)
Ethelred the Unready
18 March
978 – 1013;

3 February
1014 – 1016[1]  c.968
Wessex
son of Edgar the Peaceable and Elfrida (1) Aelgifu of Northampton

(2) Emma of Normandy 23 April 1016
London
aged about 48
Edmund Ironside
23 April –
30 November 1016  c.989
Wessex
son of Ethelred the Unready and Aelgifu of Northampton Edith of East Anglia
2 children 30 November 1016
Glastonbury
aged about 27


[edit] Danes
England came under the rule of Danish kings following the disastrous reign of Ethelred the Unready. Some, though not all, of these were also kings of Denmark.

Monarch Birth Marriages Death
Sweyn Forkbeard
1013 – 1014  unknown
son of Harald Bluetooth and Gunhilde unknown 3 February 1014
Gainsborough
Canute
30 November
1016 – 1035  c.995
Denmark
son of Sweyn Forkbeard (1) Aelgifu of Northampton

(2) Emma of Normandy 12 November 1035
Shaftesbury
aged about 40
Harold Harefoot
12 November
1035 – 1040  c.1015
son of Canute the Great and Aelgifu of Northampton unknown 17 March 1040
England
aged about 25
Harthacanute
17 March
1040 – 1042  1018
son of Canute the Great and Emma of Normandy unknown 8 June 1042
Lambeth
aged about 24


[edit] West Saxons (restored)
The old West Saxon line was restored, but Edward the Confessor, who was later canonised, was more Norman than English in his sympathies.

Monarch Birth Marriages Death
St. Edward the Confessor
8 June
1042 – 1066  c.1003
Islip, Oxfordshire
son of Ethelred the Unready and Emma of Normandy Edith of Wessex
23 January 1045 4 January 1066
aged about 63
Harold Godwinson
5 January –
14 October 1066  c.1022
Wessex
son of Godwin, Earl of Wessex and Gytha Thorkelsdóttir (1) Ealdgyth Swan-neck
6 children

(2) Aldgyth
January 1066
2 children 14 October 1066
Battle, East Sussex
aged about 44
Edgar the Atheling
14 October –
25 December 1066[2]  c.1051
Hungary
son of Edward the Exile and Agatha unknown c.1126
aged about 75


[edit] Normans
It was only after the Norman Conquest of 1066 that monarchs took regnal numbers in the French fashion, though the earlier custom of distinguishing monarchs by nicknames did not die out immediately.

Monarch Birth Marriages Death
William I, the Conqueror
25 December
1066 – 1087  c.1027
Falaise
illegitimate son of Robert II, Duke of Normandy and Herleva Matilda of Flanders
Cathedral of Notre Dame
c.1051
10 children 9 September 1087
Rouen
aged about 60
William II, Rufus
9 September
1087 – 1100  c.1056
Normandy
son of William the Conqueror and Matilda of Flanders unmarried 2 August 1100
New Forest
aged about 44
Henry I
3 August
1100 – 1135  September 1068
Selby
son of William the Conqueror and Matilda of Flanders (1) Edith of Scotland
Westminster Abbey
11 November 1100
4 children

(2) Adeliza of Louvain
29 January 1121
no children 1 December 1135
Normandy
aged 67
Stephen
22 December
1135 – 1154  c.1096
Blois
son of Stephen, Count of Blois and Adela of Normandy Matilda of Boulogne
1125
5 children 25 October 1154
Dover
aged about 58
Matilda
April – November 1141[3]  February 1102
London
only legitimate daughter of Henry I and Edith of Scotland (1) Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor
Worms
7 January 1114
no children

(2) Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou
Le Mans
1129
3 children 10 September 1167
Normandy
aged 65


[edit] Plantagenets
The early Plantagenets ruled many territories in France, and did not regard England as their primary home until after most of their French possessions were lost by King John. This long-lived dynasty is usually divided into three houses.


[edit] Angevins
Monarch Birth Marriages Death
Henry II
19 December
1154 – 1189  5 March 1133
Le Mans
son of Geoffrey of Anjou and Matilda Eleanor of Aquitaine
Bordeaux
18 May 1152
8 children 6 July 1189
Chateau Chinon
aged 56
Richard I, the Lionheart
6 July
1189 – 1199  8 September 1157
Beaumont Palace
son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine Berengaria of Navarre
Limassol
no children 6 April 1199
Chalus
aged 41
John
6 April
1199 – 1216  24 December c.1167
Beaumont Palace
son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine {1) Isabel of Gloucester
Marlborough
29 August 1189
no children

(2) Isabella of Angoulême
24 August 1200
5 children 19 October 1216
Newark Castle
aged about 49
Henry III
28 October
1216 – 1272  1 October 1207
Winchester
son of John and Isabella of Angoulême Eleanor of Provence
Canterbury
14 January 1236
9 children 16 November 1272
Westminster
aged 65
Edward I, Longshanks
20 November
1272 – 1307  17 June 1239
Westminster
son of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence (1) Eleanor of Castile
Burgos
October 1254
15 children

(2) Marguerite of France
Canterbury
10 September 1299
3 children 7 July 1307
Burgh by Sands
aged 68
Edward II
8 July 1307 –
20 January 1327[4]  25 April 1284
Caernarfon Castle
son of Edward I and Eleanor of Castile Isabella of France
Boulogne
25 January 1308
4 children 21 September 1327
Berkeley Castle
aged 43 (murdered)
Edward III
25 January
1327 – 1377  13 November 1312
Windsor Castle
son of Edward II and Isabella of France Philippa of Hainault
York
24 June 1328
12 children 21 June 1377
Surrey
aged 64
Richard II
22 June 1377 –
19 August 1399[5]  6 January 1367
Bordeaux
son of Edward, the Black Prince and Joan of Kent (1) Anne of Bohemia
Westminster
20 January 1382
no children

(2) Isabella of Valois
Calais
4 November 1396
no children 14 February 1400
Pontefract Castle
aged 33


[edit] Lancastrians
Monarch Birth Marriages Death
Henry IV
30 September
1399 – 1413  3 April 1367
Bolingbroke Castle
son of John of Gaunt and Blanche of Lancaster (1) Mary de Bohun
Rochford
1380
7 children

(2) Joanna of Navarre
Winchester
7 February 1403
no children 20 March 1413
Westminster
aged 45
Henry V
21 March
1413 – 1422  16 September 1387
Monmouth
son of Henry IV and Mary de Bohun Catherine of Valois
Troyes
2 June 1420
1 son 31 August 1422
Vincennes
aged 34
Henry VI
1 September 1422
– 4 March 1461

31 October 1470
– 11 April 1471[6]  6 December 1421
Windsor Castle
son of Henry V and Catherine of Valois Margaret of Anjou
Titchfield Abbey
23 April 1445
1 son 21 May 1471
Tower of London
aged 49 (murdered)


[edit] Yorkists
Monarch Birth Marriages Death
Edward IV
4 March 1461 –
30 October 1470[6]

11 April
1471 – 1483  28 April 1442
Rouen
son of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York and Cecily Neville Elizabeth Woodville
Grafton
1 May 1464
10 children 9 April 1483
Westminster
aged 40
Edward V
9 April – 25 June 1483[7]  2 November 1470
Westminster
son of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville unmarried c.September 1483
?Tower of London
aged c.12 (traditionally murdered)
Richard III, Crookback
26 June
1483 – 1485  2 October 1452
Fotheringhay Castle
third son of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York and Cecily Neville Anne Neville
Westminster Abbey
12 July 1472
1 son 22 August 1485
Bosworth Field
aged 32 (killed in battle)


[edit] Tudors
The Tudors were of partial Welsh ancestry, and in 1536 Wales was fully incorporated into the English state (having been under English control since 1284). With Henry VIII's break from the Roman Catholic Church the monarch became the Supreme Head of the Church of England. Elizabeth I's title became the Supreme Governor of the Church of England.

Monarch Birth Marriages Death
Henry VII
22 August
1485 – 1509  28 January 1457
Pembroke Castle
son of Edmund Tudor and Margaret Beaufort Elizabeth of York
Westminster Abbey
18 January 1486
8 children 21 April 1509
Richmond Palace
aged 52
Henry VIII
22 April
1509 – 1547  28 June 1491
Greenwich
son of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York (1) Catherine of Aragon
Greenwich
11 June 1509
6 children

(2) Anne Boleyn
25 January 1533
3 children

(3) Jane Seymour
York Place
May 1536
1 son[8]

(4) Anne of Cleves
Greenwich
6 January 1540

(5) Catherine Howard
Oatlands
28 July 1540

(6) Catherine Parr
Hampton Court Palace
12 July 1543 28 January 1547
Whitehall
aged 55
Edward VI
28 January
1547 – 1553  12 October 1537
Hampton Court Palace
son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour unmarried 6 July 1553
Greenwich Palace
aged 15
Jane
10 July – 19 July 1553[9]  October 1537
Bradgate Park
daughter of Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk and Lady Frances Brandon Lord Guildford Dudley
London
21 May 1553
no children 12 February 1554
Tower of London
aged 16 (beheaded)
Mary I
19 July
1553 – 1558  18 February 1516
Greenwich Palace
daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon Philip II of Spain
Winchester Cathedral
25 July 1554
no children 17 November 1558
St James's Palace
aged 42
Elizabeth I
17 November
1558 – 1603  7 September 1533
Greenwich Palace
daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn unmarried 24 March 1603
Richmond Palace
aged 69


[edit] Stuarts
Following the death of Elizabeth I in 1603 without issue, the Scottish king, James VI, succeeded to the English throne as James I in what became known as the Union of the Crowns. In 1604 he adopted the title King of Great Britain, although the two kingdoms remained separate.

Monarch Birth Marriages Death
James I
24 March
1603 – 1625  19 June 1566
Edinburgh Castle
son of Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley and Mary, Queen of Scots Anne of Denmark
Oslo
23 November 1589
8 children 27 March 1625
Theobalds House
aged 58
Charles I
27 March
1625 – 1649[10]  19 November 1600
Dunfermline Palace
son of James I and Anne of Denmark Henrietta Maria of France
Canterbury
13 June 1625
9 children 30 January 1649
Whitehall Palace
aged 48 (executed)


[edit] Commonwealth
There was no reigning monarch between the execution of Charles I in 1649 and the Restoration of Charles II in 1660. Despite this, from 1653 the following individuals held monarchical powers as Lords Protector, during the period known as the Protectorate.

Lord Protector Birth Marriages Death
Oliver Cromwell
16 December
1653 – 1658  25 April 1599
Huntingdon
son of Robert Cromwell and Elizabeth Stewart Elizabeth Bourchier
22 August 1620
7 children 3 September 1658
Whitehall
aged 59
Richard Cromwell
3 September 1658
– 25 May 1659[11]  4 October 1626
Huntingdon
son of Oliver Cromwell and Elizabeth Bourchier Dorothy Maijor
1649
9 children 12 July 1712
aged 85


[edit] Stuarts (restored)
Although the monarchy was restored in 1660, no stable settlement proved possible until the Glorious Revolution of 1688, when parliament finally asserted the right to choose whomsoever it pleased as monarch.

Monarch Birth Marriages Death
Charles II
29 May
1660 – 1685  29 May 1630
St. James's Palace
son of Charles I and Henrietta Maria of France Catherine of Braganza
Portsmouth
21 May 1662
no children 6 February 1685
Westminster
aged 55
James II
6 February 1685 –
11 December 1688[12]  14 October 1633
St. James's Palace
son of Charles I and Henrietta Maria of France (1) Anne Hyde
London
3 September 1660
8 children

(2) Mary of Modena
Dover
1673
7 children 16 September 1701
France
aged 67
William III
13 February
1689 – 1702[13]  14 November 1650
The Hague
son of William II, Prince of Orange and Mary Stuart St James's Palace
4 November 1677
no children[13] 8 March 1702
Kensington
aged 51
Mary II
13 February
1689 – 1694[13]  30 April 1662
St James's Palace
daughter of James II and Anne Hyde 28 December 1694
Kensington
aged 32
Anne
8 March
1702 – 1714  6 February 1665
St James's Palace
daughter of James II and Anne Hyde George of Denmark
St James's Palace
28 July 1683
17 children 1 August 1714
Kensington
aged 49


[edit] Hanoverians
England and Scotland entered into legislative and governmental union under the Acts of Union 1707, though retained separate legal systems and other trappings of statehood. From this time on the titles King of England and Queen of England are technically incorrect (though still in wide usage).

Monarch Birth Marriages Death
George I
1 August
1714 – 1727  28 May 1660
Osnabrück
son of Ernest Augustus, Elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Sophia of Hanover Sophia of Celle
Germany
1 November 1682
2 children 11 June 1727
Osnabrück
aged 67
George II
11 June
1727 – 1760  10 November 1683
Hanover
son of George I and Sophia of Celle Caroline of Ansbach
Hanover
22 August 1705
8 children 25 October 1760
Palace of Westminster
aged 76
George III
25 October
1760 – 1820  4 June 1738
Norfolk House
son of Frederick, Prince of Wales and Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
St James's Palace
8 September 1761
15 children 29 January 1820
Windsor Castle
aged 81
George IV
29 January
1820 – 1830  12 August 1762
St James's Palace
son of George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (2)[14] Caroline of Brunswick
St James's Palace
8 April 1795
1 daughter 26 June 1830
Windsor
aged 67
William IV
26 June
1830 – 1837  21 August 1765
Buckingham Palace
son of George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen
Kew Palace
13 July 1818
2 children 20 June 1837
Windsor Castle
aged 71
Victoria
20 June
1837 – 1901  24 May 1819
Kensington Palace
daughter of Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld Albert, Prince Consort
St James's Palace
10 February 1840
9 children 22 January 1901
Osbourne House
aged 81
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头像被屏蔽
发表于 2006-11-23 04:55:06 | 显示全部楼层
Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Although he was the son and heir of Victoria, Edward VII inherited his father's names and is therefore counted as inaugurating a new royal house.

Monarch Birth Marriages Death
Edward VII
22 January
1901 – 1910  9 November 1841
Buckingham Palace
son of Victoria and Albert, Prince Consort Alexandra of Denmark
Windsor
10 March 1863
6 children 6 May 1910
Buckingham Palace
aged 68


[edit] Windsors
The house name Windsor was adopted in 1917, during the First World War. It was changed from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha because of war-time anti-German sentiment. The heirs of Elizabeth II, by royal proclamation, will remain part of the House of Windsor (even though their legal surname is Mountbatten-Windsor).

Monarch Birth Marriages Death
George V
6 May
1910 – 1936  3 June 1865
Marlborough House
son of Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark Mary of Teck
6 July 1893
St James's Palace
6 children 20 January 1936
Sandringham House
aged 70
Edward VIII
20 January –
11 December 1936[15]  23 June 1894
Richmond
son of George V and Mary of Teck Wallis, The Duchess of Windsor
France
3 June 1937
no children 28 May 1972
Paris
aged 77
George VI
11 December
1936 – 1952  14 December 1895
Sandringham House
son of George V and Mary of Teck Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
Westminster Abbey
26 April 1923
2 children 6 February 1952
Sandringham House
aged 56
Elizabeth II
6 February
1952 – present  21 April 1926
Mayfair
daughter of George VI and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Westminster Abbey
20 November 1947
4 children
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头像被屏蔽
发表于 2006-11-23 04:56:13 | 显示全部楼层
Notes
^ Ethelred the Unready was forced to go into exile in 1013, following Danish attacks
^ After ruling for approximately 8 weeks, Edgar the Atheling submitted to William the Conqueror
^ Matilda ruled at the same time as Stephen, but was only accepted as queen in a few areas
^ Edward II was deposed by Parliament on 20 January 1327, having been imprisoned on 16 November 1326
^ Richard II was a prisoner of Henry Bolingbroke, who usurped the throne from the prior claims of the issue of his father John of Gaunt's deceased elder brother, Lionel of Antwerp
^ a b Edward IV usurped the throne in 1461 after years of civil war. Henry VI was restored for about five months in 1470 before being deposed again permanantly
^ Edward V was deposed by Richard III, who usurped the throne on the grounds that Edward was illegitimate
^ After Jane Seymour, Henry VIII had no more children
^ Jane was deposed after 9 days in favour of Mary Tudor
^ Charles I was executed after being found guilty of high treason
^ Richard Cromwell resigned as Lord Protector
^ James II abdicated on 11 December, and was officially deposed on 23 December 1688
^ a b c William III and Mary II were married and ruled together. After Mary died in 1694, William ruled on his own
^ George IV first married Maria Anne Fitzherbert on 15 September 1785, but the marriage was void
^ Edward VIII chose to abdicate after having the choice of marrying an American divorcée and giving up the throne, or keeping the throne and marrying someone else
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发表于 2006-11-23 07:54:33 | 显示全部楼层
原帖由 kid1412 于 2006-11-22 19:39 发表
哪位高手告诉我英国历史上从威廉一世到亨利八世之间的君主继承人及其关系啊


对英国历史不是很熟,查了一下,你问的是一段长达400多年的君主继承关系。。。答案是有的,但很长,而且不停的扯家谱也没意思。
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头像被屏蔽
发表于 2006-11-23 08:05:12 | 显示全部楼层
我给出的是从阿尔佛雷德大帝(丹麦入侵时期)到现在的。仔细对照上面的那张表查一下会有结果。
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发表于 2006-11-23 11:04:20 | 显示全部楼层
很乱,比如:
James I
24 March
1603 – 1625  19 June 1566

Edinburgh Castle
son of Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley and Mary, Queen of Scots Anne of Denmark
Oslo

23 November 1589
8 children 27 March 1625
Theobalds House
aged 58

红色的日期和橙色的日期到底哪个是哪个
蓝色的一连串人名也很难看懂
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头像被屏蔽
发表于 2006-11-23 11:07:45 | 显示全部楼层
后面那个数字怎么来的不清楚1625是对的。这个标是从维基上抄下来的。
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发表于 2006-11-23 11:20:12 | 显示全部楼层
看得出来。。。还有“edit”..
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 楼主| 发表于 2006-11-23 11:23:43 | 显示全部楼层
其实.................不用那么详细的............
多谢啊!我慢慢研究先着
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