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(原创英文短文)立陶宛——一个拥有宽容、民主与先进传统的国家

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发表于 2013-6-1 22:40:40 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
这是我最近在一门课(东欧比较政治学)中写的我最喜欢的一个前苏联成员国——立陶宛。要求是200字,我完全超过了,而且应该能获得高分!特与大家分享。如果你不了解立陶宛的话,我一言以蔽之——它是中世纪的美国,欧洲第一个民主国家(波兰体陶碗联邦,贵族民主制),现代的民主与宽容的先锋!

关于它的背景介绍,看我在布伦军营发的这个帖子:介绍 Lariboisière 炮兵将军,法兰西卡宾枪骑兵图史,立陶宛历史,维基百科之伟大   http://bbs.napolun.com/thread-37341-1-1.html

以及中英文维基百科:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithuania#Politics   立陶宛
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polish%E2%80%93Lithuanian_Commonwealth  波兰立陶宛联邦
(怎样切换中文就不用我教了吧!)




Lithuania
–A State of Tolerance, Democracy and Advanced Traditions


ByAlexander 陈天恩(最后的尼采) (转载注明)


Amongall the states we have learnt in the course of Comparative Politics of Easternand Central Europe, Lithuania is the most interesting one for me, due to itsnoble qualities and advanced traditions. It is unique in the peaceful and successfultransition after 1989, high level of ethnic tolerance and multiculturalism,which are in sharp contrast of the ethnic struggles and anti-Russia sentimentsflooded throughout the former communist states in Europe. Lithuania washistorically a little “United States”, and a united civilization. In 14thcentury, Lithuania was formed by several separate tribes, into one of thegreatest powers in Europe. The ruling elites of then Lithuania did not thinkthemselves as the superior race; in contrast, they practiced religioustolerance and borrowed Slavonic language as an auxiliary language to the Latin(the official language of then Lithuania). Bordering another great power –Poland, Lithuania did not follow the classic module of power struggle –fighting its competitor to death, instead, it accepted the leadership of thePolish King and together they formed the strongest country in then Europe - Polish–LithuanianCommonwealth from (1569-1795), an aristocratic democracy in an age ofautocracy!

After1989, the Baltic countries were famous for peaceful transition and relativeeconomic prosperity compared with ethnic struggles and devastation of theformer communist states in Central Europe, Middle Asia and Yugoslavia. However,Latvia, country has been viewing its Russian residents as the second-classcitizens by labeling them via gray passports. And the tale-like Estonia also posedsevere language standard for the Russian-spoken group to become formalcitizens. However, Lithuania has been consistently allowing different languagesto be circled in schools, media and even governments. In contrast of the blindhatred against Russia and communism by other states in Baltic and other formerSoviet regions, Lithuanian people elected their former communist leader Brazauskasas the first president of the new republic. This tolerant and rational choicehas ensured the country with a steady and prosperous economic liberalization,in sharp contrast of the economic turmoil and shrinkage flooded over otherformer communist states in Central Europe and even Latvia. Lithuania no matterin its glorious history or modern difficult times, has shown a unique traditionof long term ethnic tolerance, multiculturalism, a humble mind of learning fromother civilizations and a consistent pursuit of democracy. This country, by itsmoral qualities and advanced traditions, is determined to be great again in thefuture!
  

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