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[整理] 研究半岛战争的书单

发表于 2014-3-13 07:47:17 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Alexander, Don W. Rod of Iron. French Counterinsurgency Policy in Aragon during the Peninsular War (Wilmington, Scholarly Resources, 1985) One of the few works to examine in detail part of the war other than the British campaigns.

Beamish, N. Ludlow History of the King's German Legion 2 vols (first published 1832-37, reprinted Naval and Military Press, 1997; vol 2 available for download from Google Books). An early and very important source for all operations involving the KGL, rich in first hand accounts.

Beatson, Brigadier-General F. C With Wellington in the Pyrenees (London, Goschen, 1914: reprinted by Tom Donovan, 1993) Despite the title this is not a first hand account, but a highly detailed analysis of the week’s fighting known as the Battles of the Pyrenees. See also his books on later operations: Wellington: the Bidassoa and Nivelleand Wellington: the Crossing of the Gaves and the Battle of Orthez.

Brett-James, Antony Life in Wellington’s Army An original and highly entertaining account of life on campaign and in cantonments, based on a thorough mastery of the sources.

Cassidy, Martin Marching With Wellington. With the Inniskillings in the Napoleonic Wars (Barnsley, Leo Cooper, 2003) Especially useful for its account of the 2/27th from late 1813 through to Waterloo, based around the diary of Lt Charles Crowe.

Chambers, Lt-Col G. Busaco (London, Swan Sonnenschein, 1910 reprinted Worley 1994) An excellent battle study with particularly good maps and photographs in the first edition.

Colville, John The Portrait of a General (Salisbury, Michael Russell, 1980) An excellent account of his ancestor Charles Colville, who commanded a brigade and then a division under Wellington with distinction; based on Colville’s letters home.

Daly, Gavin. The British Soldier in the Peninsular War: Encounters with Spain and Portugal, 1808-1814 (Palgrave Macmillan, Houndmills, 2013) Combining military and cultural history, this book gives a new perspective on the British soldier in the Peninsular War and reveals how young officers and enlisted men experienced and wrote about the places and people of Spain and Portugal in letters and memoirs during and after the war.

Davies, D. W. Sir John Moore’s Peninsular Campaign, 1808-1809 (The Hague, Martinus Nijhoff, 1974) Scholarly account of Moore’s campaign, containing important new material, but hard to find.

Dempsey, Guy Albuera 1811: the Bloodiest Battle of the Peninsular War (Frontline Books, 2008) Important new study of this always controversial battle. Dempsey draws on French and Spanish as well as British primary sources to give not only a detailed account of the campaign but to shed light on many of the legends and myths that surround the battle.

Esdaile, Charles The Duke of Wellington and the Command of the Spanish army (Macmillan, 1990) A scholarly monograph which sheds much light on Anglo-Spanish relations as well as the difficulties facing Wellington as commander-in-chief of the Spanish armies in the final 18 months of the war.

Esdaile, Charles Fighting Napoleon: Guerrillas, Bandits and Adventurers in Spain (Yale University Press, 2004) Guerrillas - a term introduced to the English language during the Peninsular War - fought alongside the Spanish army against Napoleon. Delving into previously untapped archival resources, Esdaile shows that many guerrillas were not armed civilians acting spontaneously and that guerrillas were more often driven by personal motives than high-minded ideology.

Esdaile, Charles Napoleon’s Wars: an International History, 1803-1815 (Allen Lane, 2007) This book examines what made the countries of Europe fight each other for so long and with such devastating results, when rulers risked their regimes and their countries to fight or support Napoleon.

Esdaile, Charles. Peninsular Eyewitnesses; the Experience of War in Spain and Portugal 1808-1813 (Pen and Sword, 2008) This study of British and French soldiers' letters home, memoirs and the testimony of Portuguese and Spanish civilians is Esdaile’s newest contribution to the understanding of Iberian history. An inside view of the course of the battles, the guerrilla war and the effect of fighting on towns and rural life.

Esdaile, Charles The Peninsular War: a New History (Allan Lane, 2002) Professor Esdaile gives not only a detailed account of the battles, as depicted in Peninsular War diaries and reports, but provides a careful analysis of Iberian political, economic and social developments from 1808-1814. By far the best single volume history of the war, although some readers will be disconcerted by its cursory treatment of the final months of the war.

Esdaile, Charles The Spanish Army in the Peninsular War (Manchester University Press, 1988)
A scholarly monograph which sheds much light on Anglo-Spanish relations as well as the difficulties facing Wellington as commander-in-chief of the Spanish armies in the final 18 months of the war.

Fletcher, Ian Bloody Albuera: The 1811 Campaign in the Peninsula (Crowood Press, 2000) On 16th May 1811, during Wellington's long campaign against Napoleon's armies of occupation in Portugal and Spain, some 35,000 Allied troops under the command of Marshal William Carr Beresford took up position at Albuera to prevent the relief of the French fortress of Badajoz by the army of Marshal Soult. Beresford was a gifted staff officer but no tactician. Earlier, Campo Mayor demonstrated the skill of the British cavalry and Beresford's weakness in command. At Albuera, 7 British battalions stood off 19 French battalions, trading volleys at 60 yards' range for an hour. Wellington's redcoats won the respect of ally and enemy alike.

Fletcher, Ian In Hell before Daylight: Siege and Storming of the Fortress of Badajoz, 16 March to 6 April 1812 (Osprey, 2001) The only book that focuses on the third siege and subsequent sacking of Badajoz, told with the aid of eyewitness accounts. Includes aerial photos taken from a balloon in 1914 that show how Badajoz would have looked in 1812.

Fletcher, Ian (ed) The Peninsular War. Aspects of the Struggle for the Iberian Peninsula (Staplehurst, Spellmount, 1998) A mixed collection of essays by different historians, including some unusual and interesting pieces on neglected topics.

Fortescue, Sir John A History of the British Army 13 vols in 20 (London, Macmillan, 1899-1930). Fortescue’s great work is a companion to Oman’s History of the Peninsular War describing British campaigns in almost equal detail and at times providing a useful check and correction to Oman. Like Oman it is indispensable for any serious student of the war.

Fraser, Ronald Napoleon’s Cursed War. Popular Resistance in the Spanish Peninsular War (London, Verso, 2008) An extended account of the early part of the war from a Spanish perspective.

Gates, David The Spanish Ulcer: a History of the Peninsular War (Da Capo Press, 2001) A balanced account of the Peninsular War that provides a serious assessment of the opposing generals and their troops, as well as analysing in detail the social and political background.

Glover, Gareth Wellington's Lieutenant; Napoleon's Gaoler (Pen and Sword, 2005) The letters and diaries of Col. Sir George Bingham, a commanding officer of the 2nd Battalion of the 53rd Regiment of Foot. He gives a valuable eyewitness account of the battles of Oporto, Talavera, Fuentes d'Onoro, and Salamanca as well as the sieges of Badajoz and Burgos and the conditions under which they were fought.

Glover, Michael Britannia Sickens. Sir Arthur Wellesley and the Convention of Cintra(London, Leo Cooper, 1971)
Glover, Michael The Peninsular War 1807-1814: A Concise Military History (Newton Abbot, David & Charles, 1974)
Glover, Michael Wellington’s Peninsular Victories (London, Batsford, 1963)
Glover, Michael Wellington as Military Commander (London, Batsford, 1968)

Glover, Michael Wellington’s Army in the Peninsula, 1808-1814 (Newton Abbot, David & Charles, 1977) Michael Glover helped introduce the Peninsular War to a new generation of readers in the 1960s and 70s, and his books are still a good place to start; well written, and backed up by considerable learning; he also edited several volumes of letters and wrote many articles on the subject.

Glover, Richard Peninsular Preparation. The Reform of the British Army, 1795-1809(Cambridge University Press, 1963) An important study of the making of the army which Wellington led in the Peninsula.

Graves, Donald E. Fix Bayonets! A Royal Welch Fusilier at War, 1796-1815 (Toronto, Robin Brass Studio, 2007) The career of Thomas Pearson, of the 23rd Royal Welch Fusiliers, meticulously reconstructed and including important new material on Albuera.

Grehan, John The lines of Torres Vedras: the Cornerstone of Wellington's Strategy in the Peninsular War 1809-1812 (Spellmount, 2004) Examines the role of one of the most important fortifications in the Peninsular War.

Griffith, Paddy (ed) Wellington Commander. The Iron Duke’s Generalship (Chichester, Antony Bird, nd [1985) a stimulating collection of essays by different authors.

Hall, Christopher D. Wellington’s Navy. Sea Power and the Peninsular War, 1807-1814 (London, Chatham, 2004) A reliable account of a neglected aspect of the subject.

Harvard, Robert Wellington’s Welsh General. A Life of Sir Thomas Picton (London, Aurum Press, 1996) Uses little known letters home from Picton to produce a much more rounded portrait of one of Wellington’s most famous subordinates.

Hayman, Sir Peter Soult. Napoleon’s Maligned Marshal (London, Arms & Armour, 1990) The only biography in English of the French marshal most associated with the war in the Peninsula.

Haythornthwaite, Philip J. The Armies of Wellington (Brockhampton Press, 2001) An in-depth look at the British army in the Peninsular War. This book examines the regiments, campaigns and everyday life of Wellington's army, with facts, figures and technical information from contemporary accounts.

Haythornthwaite, Philip J. The Peninsular War: the Complete Companion to the Iberian Campaigns 1807-14. (Brassey's, 2004) A useful reference book that contains a chronology, a brief description of participants in the campaigns and information about the organisation of the participating armies.

Holmes, Richard Redcoat: The British Soldier in the Age of Horse and Musket(HarperCollins, 2002) A study of the day-to-day lives of the redcoats, in the 18th and 19th centuries. Those who took the King's shilling lived a life of discipline and disease. Holmes gives details of how the army was financed, the varieties of uniforms, food rations and draconian punishments. This was the age of the Brown Bess, the flintlock musket famous for its short range and inaccuracy, which necessitated close fighting using squares of men, enveloped in powder-smoke. Wellington called his foot-soldiers the 'scum of the earth', drawn from a working-class where violence was endemic, but the British lost few battles during the Peninsular War, which testifies to the achievements of these men - and the women who travelled with them.

Holmes, Richard Wellington, the Iron Duke (HarperCollins, 2003) The companion book to the BBC series The Iron Duke examines Wellington's life, his illustrious military career and the history of the times - from the development in weaponry to the events unfolding across Europe.

Horward, Donald D. The Battle of Bussaco: Massena vs Wellington (Florida State University, 1965) Detailed and scholarly account of the battle which makes good use of French as well as British sources.

Horward, Donald D. Napoleon and Iberia. The Twin Sieges of Ciudad Rodrigo and Almeida, 181 (Florida State University Press, 1984) Meticulous and painstaking account of the French sieges in the first stages of Massena’s invasion of Portugal. Highly original.

Howard, Martin Wellington’s Doctors. The British Army Medical Services in the Napoleonic War (Staplehurst, Spellmount, 2002) Arranged thematically and extending to include campaigns outside the Peninsula, this is a good introduction to the subject. See also Lt-Gen Sir Neil Cantlie’s History of the Army Medical Department 2 vols (Edinburgh & London, Churchill Livingstone, 1974) which has much good material on the Peninsular War.

James, Lawrence The Iron Duke. A Military Biography of Wellington (London, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1992) the best of modern one volume biographies, although too brief to really add much to other accounts of the Peninsular War.

Lipscombe, Nick The Peninsular War Atlas (London, Osprey, 2010) The first comprehensive atlas of the Peninsular War with 160 maps and a re-evaluation of several of the battles.

Lipscombe, Nick Wellington’s Guns (London, Osprey, 2013) An examination of one of the puzzles of military history: why did Wellington think so little of his gunners? An analysis of the British artillery during the Napoleonic period that explains misinterpreted actions to the credit of the Gunners.

Longford, Elizabeth Wellington the Years of the Sword (London, Weidenfeld and Nicolso, 1969) The fullest modern biography.

Lovett, Gabriel H. Napoleon and the Birth of Modern Spain 2 vols (New York University Press, 1965) Although somewhat overtaken by more recent scholarship, this still is still a useful way of placing the Peninsular War in the context of Spanish history, and looking beyond the familiar story of Wellington’s campaigns.

Maroto de las Heras, Jésus. Guerra de la Independencia Imágenes en Cine y Televisión
(Madrid, Cacitel, 2007) An encyclopedia of international cinema and televison films about the Peninsular War.

Marshall-Cornwall, James Marshal Massena (London, Oxford University Press, 1965) The only biography in English.

Moore, James C. A Narrative of the Campaign of the British Army in Spain, commanded by Sir John Moore (London, Joseph Johnson, 1809) An account of Moore’s campaign published immediately afterwards by his brother in order to vindicate his reputation. Highly partisan, but printing many important original documents. (can be downloaded from Google Books)

Muir, Rory Britain and the Defeat of Napoleon, 1807-1815 (Yale University Press, 1996) Muir sets Britain's military operations on the Iberian Peninsula within the context of the wider European conflict and examines how diplomatic, financial, military and political considerations combined to shape policy and priorities. He focuses on Britain's politicians as well as the officers who led its armies and analyses the effectiveness of the British economy and the coherence of the nation that sustained the Peninsular War.

Rory Muir Wellington: The Path to Victory 1769-1814 (Yale University Press, 2013) The first in a two part biography of the Duke of Wellington. A fresh insight into Wellington's character: his many strengths and the flaws that together made him a complex and interesting man as well as a great soldier.

Muir, Rory, Robert Burnham, Howie Muir and Ron McGuigan Inside Wellington’s Peninsular Army, 1808-1814 (Barnsley, Pen & Sword, 2006) A collection of essays by four different authors which break new ground in understanding how Wellington’s army actually worked, on campaign, and in battle. Includes a comprehensive guide to all British memoirs, arranged by regiment, supplementing and replacing that in Oman’sWellington’s Army.

Muir, Rory. Salamanca 1812 (Yale University Press, 2001) A highly detailed study of Wellington's great victory which scrupulously examines the evidence and so explores the limits of what we can and cannot know about any battle of the era.

Muir, Rory Tactics and the Experience of Battle in the Age of Napoleon (Yale University Press, 1998) Explores both the experience of battle for individuals and the underlying dynamics of the tactics employed by armies in the Peninsula and in central Europe, drawing on a wide range of first hand accounts.

Myatt, Frederick Peninsular General. Sir Thomas Picton, 1758-1815 (London, David & Charles, 1980) A competent biography.

Napier, Major-General Sir William History of the War in the Peninsula and in the South of France 6 vols (first published London, John Murray, 1828-40 and often reprinted, sometimes in an abridged one volume edition. Some volumes of the first edition available for download from Google Books). The classic account of the war which first defined it as a subject. Napier had served in the Light Division and was wounded three times, a bullet remaining lodged in his spine for the rest of his life giving him great pain. He was a man of passionate views, a great romantic and, in politics, a radical. He felt an intense, emotional admiration for Sir John Moore, and for Napoleon; he admired Wellington immensely but without the affection he felt for Moore or Napoleon; and was also grateful to Soult who assisted his research. Conversely he despised the Tory government of Britain during the war, while sympathizing with the Whigs who opposed Wellington’s operations; and, like most British veterans, had more admiration for the French enemy than for the Spanish or Portuguese allies. All these views are reflected strongly in his writing, and helped make his work so influential. His highly coloured romantic style was also much admired by contemporaries, although tastes have changed and some will now find it a little overwhelming.

Oman, Carola Sir John Moore (London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1953). This remains the fullest biography of Moore.

Oman, Charles A History of the Peninsular War. 7 vols. The most comprehensive and authoritative history of the war. Well written, remarkably fair and dispassionate in its judgements and enriched by invaluable statistical appendices and numerous maps (attractively printed in the first edition) this remains the benchmark for all subsequent works on the Peninsular War. Two supplementary volumes by modern historians were added in the late 1990s: vol 8 The Biographical Dictionary of British Officers Killed and Wounded 1808-1814 by John A. Hall is a valuable work of original scholarship; vol 9 Modern Studies of the War in Spain and Portugal, 1808-1814 is a collection of essays by leading contemporary historians of the war which attempts with mixed success to assess Oman’s History in the light of subsequent research.

Oman, Sir Charles Wellington’s Army, 1809-1814 (London, Edward Arnold, 1912 - reprinted Greenhill, 1986) The most important single volume study of Wellington’s army, even though subsequent research has questioned some of Oman’s conclusions, notably his description of Wellington’s infantry tactics. He maintained that British troops defeated their Napoleonic opponents through the enormous discrepancy between the firepower delivered by the British two rank line and that which could be generated by the deep, narrow French columns. Modern historians claim the British infantry's discipline and willingness to attack were equally important.

Page, F.C.G. Following the Drum: Women in Wellington's Wars (Andre Deutsch, 1986) A revealing study of a neglected subject.

Pelet, J. J. The French Campaign in Portugal, 1810-1811 edited and translated by Donald D. Horward (University of Minnesota Press, 1973) Pelet was a senior officer on Massena’s staff, and his massive account of the French invasion of Portugal explains many mysteries and gives great insight on what was going on ‘on the other side of the hill’.

Robertson, Ian A commanding presence: Wellington in the Peninsula 1808-1814: Logistics, Strategy, Survival (Spellmount, 2008) An analysis of logistics, strategy and survival during the Peninsular War. This study emphasises the practical and administrative difficulties to provision and sustain the Allied army during the Peninsular War.

Robertson, Ian C. Wellington at War in the Peninsula, 1808-1814. An Overview and Guide (Barnsley, Leo Cooper: Pen & Sword, 2000) a handy brief account well suited to the traveller.

Robertson, Ian C. Wellington Invades France. The Final Phase of the Peninsular War, 1813-1814 (London, Greenhill, 2003) A traditional account of the closing campaigns of the war, making extensive use of first hand accounts.

Sidney, Edwin The Life of Lord Hill, G.C.B. (London, John Murray, 1845) Hill was Wellington’s most reliable and appealing subordinate. This early biography prints some of Hill’s letters home, as well as some from his brothers who were also with the army. (It can be downloaded from Google Books).

Summerville, Christopher March of Death: Sir John Moore's Retreat to Corunna, 1808-1809 (Greenhill Books, 2003) In the bitter winter of 1808-9, a British force found itself outnumbered and outmanouevered by the French army led by Napoleon, who swore he would drive the British into the sea. The legendary march through the snowclad mountains of northern Spain to Corunna is related through excerpts from survivors' diaries, letters, memoirs and reports.

Teffeteller, Gordon L. The Surpriser - the life of Rowland, Lord Hill (University of Delaware Press, 1983) A good modern life of Wellington’s famous subordinate.

Thompson, Mark S. The Fatal Hill. The Allied Campaign under Beresford in Southern Spain in 1811 (Chapelgarth, Mark Thompson Publishing, 2002) A detailed study which puts Albuera in the context of the whole campaign including the allied sieges of Badajoz.

Tone, John L. The Fatal Knot. The Guerrilla War in Navarre and the Defeat of Napoleon in Spain (University of North Carolina Press, 1994). A slight but useful account of the Mina’s campaigns, revealing much of the difficulties facing the French in subduing Spanish resistance.

Uffindell, Andrew (ed) The National Army Museum Book of Wellington’s Armies(London, Sidgwick & Jackson in association with the National Army Museum, 2003). An account Wellington’s campaigns (including Waterloo) retold using previously unpublished first hand accounts from the National Army Museum - an important new source.

Urban, Mark The Man who Broke Napoleon’s Codes. The Story of George Scovell(London, Faber & Faber, 2001) A colourful and original account of one aspect of intelligence gathering in the Peninsula.

Urban, Mark. Rifles: Six Years with Wellington's Legendary Sharpshooters (Faber and Faber, 2004) In a well-researched, captivating work of narrative history, Mark Urban traces the story of the 95th Rifles, the toughest and deadliest sharpshooters in Wellington’s army. Established ca. 1800 by Sir John Moore, it played a pivotal role in the Peninsular War and later at Waterloo. These were the first riflemen to aim at their target instead of firing volleys in the general direction of the enemy. The first of the modern British infantryman, they developed the concept of tactical manoeuvres.

Verner, Col Willoughby History and Campaigns of the Rifle Brigade, 1800-1813 2 vols (London, John Bale & Sons, 1912-1919 reprinted by Naval & Military Press nd) The most sumptuous and scholarly of regimental histories; a work of real importance.

Ward, S. G. P. Wellington’s Headquarters (Oxford University Press, 1957) A scholarly analysis of the way that Wellington’s staff worked, based on deep learning but written with a light touch. Ward has also published important articles in the Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research on many aspects of the Peninsular War, including studies of Wellington’s QMG Sir George Murray (1980), the first stages of the Corunna Campaign (1950); Brenier’s Escape from Almeida in 1811 (1957) and the commissaries of Wellington’s army (1997).

Weller, Jac. Wellington in the Peninsula, 1808-14 (Greenhill Military Paperback, 1999)
An entertaining introduction to the Peninsular War and its battlefields with good topographical information.

Woolgar. C. M. (ed) Wellington Studies (Hartley Institute, University of Southampton) four volumes to date. Papers from academic conferences on the life and career of the Duke of Wellington, held at the University of Southampton. The essays cover the whole of Wellington's career, not just the Peninsular War and, as always, vary widely in quality. However there are some gems including those by Dr Woolgar.


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发表于 2014-3-13 11:54:00 来自手机 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2014-3-13 12:02:13 | 显示全部楼层
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发表于 2014-12-11 20:41:49 | 显示全部楼层
打算入一本Rod of Iron : French Counterin surgency Policy in Aragon During the Peninsular War
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发表于 2015-3-22 10:01:09 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 Abercomby 于 2015-3-22 10:19 编辑



A History of British Forces in Spain and Portugal

Journals of sieges carried on by the army under the Duke of Wellington, in Spain, during the years 1811 to 1814

Memoirs of British generals distinguished during the Peninsular War

Memoirs of the war in Spain, from 1808 to 1814

Capitulation de Baylen

Hamilton's campaign with Moore and Wellington during the Peninsular War

La charge de cavalerie de Somo-Sierra (Espagne), le 30 novembre 1808

Private journal of Judge-advocate Larpent, attached to the head-quarters of Lord Wellington during the Peninsular war

Recollections of a Peninsular veteran

Reports of the peninsula campaign surgical experience

Story of the Peninsular War

The bivouac, or, Stories of the Peninsular War

The journal of an army surgeon during the Peninsular War

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